Nepal is a country between India and Tibet, known for its temples and the Himalayas, which include Mount Everest, the highest peak on the planet. The capital of the state, Kathmandu, is famous for its labyrinthine old quarter, home to many Hindu and Buddhist shrines.
In the valley of Kathmandu, there is the Buddhist temple of Swayambunath, which is inhabited by monkeys, the giant Buddhist stupa Bodnath, the Hindu temple complex Pashupatinath with cremation monuments, as well as the medieval town of Bhaktapur.
Geography of Nepal
A state in the mountainous part of South Asia, the northern part of the Indian Peninsula, on the southern slopes of the central part of the Himalayan massif. The country borders China to the north and India to the west, south and east. The total area of the country is about 148.8 thousand square kilometers. It is landlocked.
The total length of the land borders is 2,926 km. Nepal borders China to the north (a total length of 1,236 km) and India to the south, west and east (a total length of 1,690 km), a total area of water is 4,000 km² (about 6,000 rivers, mostly from the Ganges basin, flow through the territory of Nepal).
The climate of the country is rather mountainous, only in the valleys of the intermountain it is monsoon, subequatorial. In regions that are below sea level by 1000 m warm winter (+20) and very hot summer (over +30) with abundant rain. The mountainous regions are not distinguished by the summer heat, but the winter night can be -4 degrees.
The capital of the country
Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal, located between the two highly populated South Asian states. The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is headquartered in this city of 300,000 people. Nepal has been called mystical, with many beautiful mountains, stunning architecture of temples and ancient pagodas.
Cities and features of the country
Administratively, the territory of Nepal is divided into 14 Ancholas (zones), which include 75 districts (districts), united in 5 regions of development:
- Eastern (Dhankuta) – Kosi, Mechi, Sagarmatha.
- Central (Kathmandu) – Bagmati, Janakpur, Narayani.
- West (Pokhara) – Gandaki, Dhaulagiri, Lumbini.
- Midwest (Birendranagar) – Bheri, Karnali, Rapti.
- Far West (Dipayal-Silgarhi) – Mahakali, Seti.
Of the larger cities, Bhaktapur and Patan (Lalinpur) should be noted. In many of the megacities of this country, there are entire neighborhoods that are listed by UNESCO and are under its patronage. It is very interesting to walk through the old streets, but it is better to be accompanied by a guide, because it will be difficult to understand all these buildings on your own.
This country is for rhino lovers and mountain climbers. In Nepal, you can learn from the stories of the guides, as competed ancient kingdoms that were in the old days in this land. About comfort, of course, it is difficult to talk about, there is little of it, the services are far from European. Therefore, there are not many tourists and travelers. Hotel and tourism business just started its first steps in this country. In addition to historical sites, it’s just interesting to walk the streets.
A different culture, religion – everything puts an invisible imprint. You can see sacred cows parading through the main streets, vendors offering tourists local souvenirs: knitted sweaters and shawls, scented sticks, differently shaped bowls, and even tea, in which hemp is added.
Not only is the highest mountain in the world located in this country, there is also a lowland in the southern part (Kenha Kalan area), which is considered one of the lowest places in the world (height 70 m). The Himalayan mountain system is neither more nor less than 10 of the 14 peaks of the world’s eight thousand. The mountains that separate the Tibetan Plateau from the Indian lowlands can be called young, because their formation occurred during the Oligocene (70 million years ago).
The Economic and Geographic Situation of Nepal
Nepal is sandwiched between two of the most populous countries in the world. To the north of it is Tibet, an autonomous region of the PRC, and along the southern border, from west to east, Nepal is bordered by the Indian states of Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim.
In the north, Nepal is bordered by the Great Himalayan Range. The lowest point of Nepal is 70 meters above sea level. More than 40% of Nepal is located at an altitude of more than 3,000 meters, making Nepal the highest mountainous country in the world.
For a long time, Nepal has been developing under conditions of external isolation and internal economic fragmentation. Economically, Nepal is a backward agrarian country whose economy is dominated by feudal and semi-feudal relations.
Since the 1990s, socio-economic changes have been taking place. Foreign aid and loans are a significant source of capital investment in Nepal.
Nepal’s foreign trade has always focused on India. Until the mid-1980s, half of the country’s foreign trade transactions were concentrated in India.
In recent years, Nepal has begun exporting manufactured goods in addition to basic necessities. Wool carpets and clothing account for over 60% of the country’s exports and four-fifths of its international exports.
Nepal’s economic and geographic position is disadvantageous because the country is landlocked and most of the country (over 90%) is in the highlands, making it difficult to develop industry and agriculture.